CPD Activities



Starting on :06:00 PM 18 September, 2015 Venue:Imperial hotel
Ending on :08:00 PM 18 September, 2015 Max Credits:3.00
Moderator:Dr. Ober Jenipher Achieng' Activity Cost:500


1. Dr. Jenipher Ober Achieng'
Consultant Paediatric Dentist, Nairobi County, Honorary Lecturer, Dept. of Paediatric dentistry and orthodontics, SDS, UON


Dental anxiety affects a large proportion of children visiting the dental clinic. It often leads to avoidance and delay in seeking dental treatment resulting in late presentation. This then leads to more complex treatment procedures, which then make the anxiety worse. Studies have shown that behavioral and psychological problems, anxiety and fear are the main challenges in the management of a child patient.

Sources of anxiety can be either exogenous where the anxiety is as a result of conditioning via a traumatic dental experience or endogenous where the individual has a constitutional vulnerability to anxiety  disorders  as evidenced by general anxiety states.

The age of origin of dental anxiety has also been extensively researched. The most commonly held view is that dental anxiety is a fear originating in childhood which persists later in life (Locker D et al, 1999). However, some studies have addressed this issue and challenged this view. Ost (1987) found that almost 20% of dental phobics reported onset after the age of 14. Similarly, Milgrom et al (1988), in a population based study, found that 33.3% became anxious during adolescence and adulthood. In a later population-based study, it was reported that only one half of the subjects claimed becoming dentally anxious in childhood; one-fifth reported adolescent onset and almost one-third became dentally anxious in adulthood (Locker et al, 1999).

Behavior guidance will be explored by the presenter. The goal of behavior guidance is to ease fear & anxiety while promoting an understanding of the need for good oral health & the process by which that is achieved.

Expected outcome;

The participants will be able to understand, diagnose and manage dental anxiety in the clinic setting.


This presentation aims at addressing the non-pharmacological methods of controlling and managing dental anxiety. 

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