<< Abstract Stroke risk Factors >>


Primary prevention of stroke refers to the treatment of individuals with no previous history of stroke. Risk-reduction measures may include the use of antihypertensive medications; warfarin; anti platelet; 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors (statins); smoking cessation; dietary intervention; weight loss; and exercise.

Secondary prevention refers to the treatment of individuals who have already had a stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). Measures may include the use of platelet anti-Platelets, antihypertensives, statins, and lifestyle interventions.

Most primary and secondary stroke prevention recommendations focus on ischemic stroke, but some apply to hemorrhagic stroke, or to cerebral venous thrombosis.

Stroke prevention needs a multi-disciplinary-multi-sectoral approach. Public awareness and patient education is most crucial in primary prevention.


Members of the public should be able to recognize symptoms and signs of stroke. Public education on stroke should emphasize stroke as a medical emergency.


That Stroke is a BRAIN ATTACCK akin to HEART ATTACK. The public should be told that STROKE IS PREVENTABLE.


Simple, easy literature on Stroke should be available in the public domain to educate on:

Who is at risk for stroke?

What are causes of stroke?

What action to take when someone has stroke.?



<< Abstract Stroke risk Factors >>


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6.00 CPD Points


Release date: 25-08-2013
Expiry date: 25-08-2014